Wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure to remove one or more wisdom teeth — the four permanent adult teeth located at the back corners of your mouth on the top and bottom.

 If a wisdom tooth doesn’t have room to grow (impacted wisdom tooth), resulting in pain, infection or other dental problems, you’ll likely need to have it pulled. Wisdom tooth extraction is done by an oral surgeon.

Why it is done ?

Wisdom teeth, or third molars, are the last permanent teeth to appear (erupt) in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 17 and 25. Some people never develop wisdom teeth. For others, wisdom teeth erupt normally — just as their other molars did — and cause no problems.

impacted wisdom teeth

Problems with impacted wisdom teeth

You’ll likely need your impacted wisdom tooth pulled if it results in problems such as:


Trapping food and debris behind the wisdom tooth

Infection or gum disease (periodontal disease)

Tooth decay in a partially erupted wisdom tooth

Damage to a nearby tooth or surrounding bone

Development of a fluid-filled sac (cyst) around the wisdom tooth

Complications with orthodontic treatments to straighten other teeth

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